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Waste water management- recycling of water for better future of life on the face of the earth

Waste water management- recycling of water for better future of life on the face of the Earth

Wastewater includes human wastes, oil, industrial wastes, and chemicals. Industrial and domestic waste water can cause ‘eutrophication’ problems in rivers and coastal waters. Aquatic life in rivers can also be threatened due to continued water pollution. Accordingly, Waste water recycling is an important process, which includes different kinds of waste water equipment, such as oil water separators or water oil separator and other wastewater treatment equipment.  There are various waste water treatment systems, such as Industrial solutions, Aquatic and Leisure solutions, and Municipal solutions etc. which help in waste water recycling.

A waste water treatment procedure varies with the type of contaminated water. For example, Industrial waste water from refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants contains dangerous chemicals and oils. Oil water separators are used to separate the oil and suspended solids from their waste water effluents.

Water containing toxic materials like zinc, silver, thallium etc is purified by changing the pH of the metal or by treatment with other chemicals. Biochemical processes are also used for purifying sewage and industrial waste water .In this process oxygen is mixed into the waste water with the help of an aeration tank and then the organic pollutants are biologically oxidized due to which a waste sludge is produced containing the oxidized material. Once the waste sludge is settled in the clarifier or settling tank part of it is recycled to the aeration tank and the remaining is removed for further treatment.

Distillation, Nitrifications, and Advance oxidation processes are some of the other water treatment systems used to clean water, which are contaminated with paints, pesticides, pharmaceuticals etc. Another important wastewater treatment is ultra filtration, which is used to separate bacteria, virus and other suspended particles from water. In this process, membranes with small pores are used. The size of pores ranges between 1-100nm.Water is passed through these filters and the membranes within the filter purify the water by holding the waste particles and allowing the remaining water to pass through it.

Other than the basic processes of water purification Primary and Tertiary treatments are also involved in waste water treatment .Screening for the removal of things such as paper, plastic, and removal of solids is Primary treatment. Tertiary treatment consist chlorinating, filtration, oil and water separator, and ultraviolet radiation.

In the end, its indeed fantastic to know that there are so many waste water treatment systems and waste water equipment with the help of which used water can be recycled and reused towards water saving, as well as, helping future generations from sufferings owing to lack of water/ water impurities.

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